Useful websites

Please note: all descriptions are those of the institutions/projects listed

As the Jewish people’s living memorial to the Holocaust, Yad Vashem safeguards the memory of the past and imparts its meaning for future generations.

Established in 1953, as the world center for documentation, research, education and commemoration of the Holocaust, Yad Vashem is today a dynamic and vital place of intergenerational and international encounter.

The Wiener Library is one of the world’s leading and most extensive archives on the Holocaust and Nazi era.

Formed in 1933, the Library’s unique collection of over one million items includes published and unpublished works, press cuttings, photographs and eyewitness testimony.

The Leo Baeck Institute — New York | Berlin (LBI) is devoted to the history of German-speaking Jews. Its 80,000-volume library and extensive archival and art collections represent the most significant repository of primary source material and scholarship on the Jewish communities of Central Europe over the past five centuries.

German-speaking Jews had a history marked by individual as well as collective accomplishments and played a significant role in shaping art, science, business, and political developments in the modern era, as evidenced by the continuing relevance of figures such as Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, and Franz Kafka.

LBI is committed to preserving this legacy and has digitized over 3.5 million pages of documents from its collections—from rare renaissance books to the personal correspondence of luminaries and ordinary people alike, to community histories and official documents. LBI also promotes the study and understanding of German-Jewish history through its public programs, exhibitions, and support for research and scholars.

To preserve, conserve and open up the ITS archives to public access; to modernise and make more effective its services to Nazi victims and Holocaust survivors and those who seek to trace the fate of family members persecuted by the Nazis and their allies; and to integrate the ITS into the European and international network of research and educational institutions focused on Nazi persecution, the Holocaust forced labour and displaced persons.

The Virtual Shtetl is the largest local Jewish history database in the world. Through it, many activities, projects and initiatives are inspired and organised which aim to preserve and promote Poland’s multicultural heritage. Our portal also promotes, within younger generations, a spirit of mutual tolerance and respect towards Jewish tradition and culture.

This collection [accessed from the Leo Beck Institute; see link above] contains documents related to Albert Friedrich Hirsch, his family and the Philanthropin School in Frankfurt am Main, at which Hirsch was headmaster. Prominent topics are emigration and the school’s fate under the Nazi regime as well as the attempts of its former pupils and faculty to stay in touch after 1945. The papers in this collection include some original material from the late 19th century through World War I and the “Third Reich” as well as several typescripts from the 1950s and 1960s that are related to a memorial book, which was eventually published in 1964.

The Association of Jewish Refugees (AJR) provides social, welfare and care services to Jewish victims of Nazi oppression living in Great Britain.

Founded in 1941 by Jewish refugees from central Europe, the AJR has extensive experience attending to the needs of Holocaust refugees and survivors who settled in Britain.

Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e. V. is a humanitarian organization charged by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany with recording, maintaining and caring for the graves of German war casualties abroad. The Volksbund provides information to relatives on all matters related to war graves, advises public and private institutions, promotes international cooperation in the area of war grave maintenance and encourages young people to come together to learn at the last resting places of war casualties.

A living memorial to the Holocaust, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum inspires citizens and leaders worldwide to confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity. Federal support guarantees the Museum’s permanent place on the National Mall, and its far-reaching educational programs and global impact are made possible by generous donors.

Located among our national monuments to freedom on the National Mall, the Museum provides a powerful lesson in the fragility of freedom, the myth of progress, and the need for vigilance in preserving democratic values. With unique power and authenticity, the Museum teaches millions of people each year about the dangers of unchecked hatred and the need to prevent genocide. And we encourage them to act, cultivating a sense of moral responsibility among our citizens so that they will respond to the monumental challenges that confront our world.

We are a modern provider of services for the general public as well as research and administration bodies. We document, and save as archives, testimonies to, and evidence of, modern and contemporary German history and make this information available to everyone. We maintain the civil and military archives of the Federal Republic of Germany and its predecessors, the German Confederation, the German Reich and the German Democratic Republic, on the basis of the Federal Archives Act, and supplement these with archives of private origin.

We make decisions concerning permanent value, describe the archives, and make these available for the public after consideration of protection laws. We also offer advice and information to our users. We maintain archives and libraries for the long term by professionally storing and conserving them and, if necessary, restoring and microfilming or digitalising them for protection. We preserve, on a sustained basis, archives that have originated in electronic form and make these accessible.

The horror didn’t start in Auschwitz,
Treblinka or in other camps …
… it started in our neighborhood,
in our house, outside our door.

Since 1995, Cologne based artist Gunter Demnig has been commemorating the victims of the German Nazi regime through his project “Stolpersteine” – Stumbling Stones. All over Germany, the artist has been laying small memorial stones in sidewalks and pavements outside those houses where the people lived or worked who were persecuted and murdered by the Nazi regime. 2002 the first Stumbling Stone was laid in Hamburg and many followed ever since.