National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees

Above, Letter extract, National Coordinating Committee to Leopold Weissenberg, 1939. Source: Werner Weissenberg, pers archive

The National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany (the NCC) was an umbrella organisation for refugee aid agencies that began operations in 1934. It was similar in scope to the Council for Germany Jewry in the UK.

The NCC coordinated approximately twenty Jewish and non-Jewish refugee organisations. As can be seen in archival documents viewable online at Leo Baeck, the NCC had a network of committees across hundreds of US communities to assist the many refugees arriving in New York in the 1930s to resettle elsewhere. 

Source: Information, DigiBaeck. See also, Willy Nordwind Collection, Series I: Refugee Aid, Correspondence includes materials documenting Willy Nordwind’s efforts to bring as many German Jews as possible out of Germany before World War II, https://www.lbi.org; https://archives.cjh.org//repositories/5/resources/14049

In 1939 the NCC became the National Refugee Service (NRS), which was founded in New York to assist refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. The NRS was a key beneficiary of the centralised fundraising of the newly founded United Jewish Appeal (UJA) – the main partners being the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (The JDC, familiarly known as The Joint) and the United Palestine Appeal.


Above, Letter extract, National Coordinating Committee to Leopold Weissenberg, 1939. Source: Werner Weissenberg, pers archive